Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

opthalmology

“We take care of your eyes and your vision too”

Ophthalmology – a branch of medical science is concerned with the structure, function, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of the eye and the visual system. This encompasses all the issues that affect the eye, eyelids, orbit and the visual system. Our Ophthalmology department is a compact, well equipped department, staffed by a team of highly trained and dedicated Ophthalmologists. The department prides itself on the excellent quality of its work, rapid and accurate diagnosis and at the same time ensuring maximum comfort to all patients.

Following services offered in the Ophthalmology Department

1. Refractive error (Glass Prescription)

A disorder wherethe eye cannot accurately focus the rays of light coming from a distance on the retina, which in turn results in blurring of images. There are 4 main types of refractive errors – myopia (near sightedness), hyperopia (far sightedness), presbyopia (loss of near vision with age) and astigmatism. Those with high degrees of myopia have a higher risk of retinal detachment which may require surgical repair. This condition is diagnosed by an eye care professional at the time of routine eye check-up and will require a dilated fundus evaluation.

2. Squint

This is medically known as Strabismus, which occurs due to incorrect balance of the muscles that move the eye, faulty nerve signals to the eye muscles and improper focus. Should these be out of balance, the eye may turn in, turn out, or turn up or down preventing the eyes from functioning properly together. This condition is not age specific and can occur in either eye. Those with squints have poor vision in the affected eye. Kids who appear to have squint after 6 weeks of age, it is recommended to get their eyes tested and if there is need for treatment, it should be started at the earliest for better results.

3. Pterygium

Commonly known as Surfer’s eye, it is a wedge shaped, non-cancerous bump that grows on the eyeball covering the white portion of the eye (sclera) and extends onto the cornea. It is slightly raised and contains visible blood vessels. This condition may occur either in one or both eyes. Exposure to bright sunlight is a primary reason for Pterygium, however, dust and wind are at times implicated as well. Pterygium has no particular symptoms. A burning sensation, gritty, itchy or the feeling that a foreign particle is in the eye are a few symptoms to look out for. Should the growth extend far enough onto the cornea, it may affect the vision. Depending upon the size of the Pterygium, the treatment will vary.

4. Sty

A red, painful bump that forms on or in the eyelid due to a blocked gland. It may look like a boil or a pimple and is normally filled with pus. The initial signs of a sty include redness, pain in the affected area or itchiness in the eye and the later symptoms will be swelling, discomfort while blinking, eye watering and sensitivity to light. Under most circumstances, a sty begins to disappear on its own, however to ease the pain, one can apply a warm washcloth to the eyelid. It is recommended to consult a doctor in case of multiple or recurrent styesand also if it is increasing in size, especially if it causes lid edema, eye watering or light sensitivity.

5. Blepharitis

A condition of the eye which is associated with inflammation of the eyelids, caused by excess growth of bacteria which is found on the skin, blockage of the eyelid’s oil glands and occasional allergies. This condition tends to recur which makes it difficult to manage. A few symptoms of blepharitis are – burning sensation of the eye, red and swollen eyelids, blurry vision, dry eyes, crusting of eyelashes and a constant feeling of something being in the eye. Blepharitis being a chronic condition, gets difficult to treat and can be highly uncomfortable. It does not cause permanent damage to your eyesight and it isn’t contagious but should be evaluated and treated on time to prevent long term discomfort and sequelae.

6. Conjunctivitis

Commonly known as ‘Pink Eye’, is an inflammation of the transparent membrane that lines the eyelid and covers the white portion of the eyeball. It is usually not a serious condition and goes away in 7 to 10 days without medication but at times can get serious. Most cases of conjunctivitis is caused by – viruses, bacteria’s, irritants and allergies. The common symptoms of pinkeye include – redness of the eye, thick yellow discharge, itchy and burning sensation, blurry vision and increased sensitivity to light. Depending on the cause of conjunctivitis, the treatment may vary. It is best to review with a doctor as early as possible.

7. Computer Vision Syndrome

A condition that arises from using or prolonged working hours on the computer, tablet, cell phone, e-reader. Many individuals experience eye discomfort and vision problems when viewing digital screens for extended periods. The level of discomfort appears to increase with the amount of digital screen use.The most common symptoms associated with CVS are – eyestrain, headaches, blurred vision, dry eyes, and neck and shoulder pain.

8. Eye Strain

Eye strain is not a serious or chronic condition. Any kind of activity that requires intense use of eyes can lead to eye strains, like – reading, writing, driving, working on a computer etc. Exposure to bright light or trying to focus or see in dim light, can be a cause of eye strain as well. However, if one experiences discomfort, double vision or significant change in vision even after taking precautions, it is best to consult a doctor immediately.

9. Diabetic Retinopathy Screening

Diabetic Retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes that is caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the back of the eye (retina). This affects the small blood vessels in the lining at the back of the eye and can even lead to deterioration of vision. Those with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are at a higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. Eye screening is a key to diabetes care. There are no noticeable symptoms associated with this condition during the early stages. Eye screening helps detect the condition at an initial phase before any changes in your vision is noticed.

10. Dry Eyes Syndrome

Dry eyes is a condition when the eyes do not make enough tears or the tears evaporate quickly. It is a chronic and typically progressive condition. This syndrome is also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or simply “dry eyes”. Both the eyes generally get affected and may lead to dryness, grittiness, soreness, burning and red eyes. You may experience your eye lids sticking together when you wake up and temporary blurry vision which usually improves when you blink. Dry eye syndrome can be managed successfully resulting in greater eye comfort and at times sharper and improved vision as well. However, depending upon the cause and severity of the condition, it may not be completely cured. It is best to consult an ophthalmologist to get your eyes examined,understand the cause and follow the recommended treatment for a speedy recovery.

In case you experience any of the above conditions, you can reach us at
04 285 9880 / 04 459 9904 for consultation with our Ophthalmologist.

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